– Homelessness in Portland, Oregon
exhibition by Adam Simmons
Portland’s rapid growth and status as one of the hottest real estate markets in the country have added to the pressure on those without homes or on the brink of houselessness. As rental property prices rise, are demolished, or remodeled into luxury spaces, more are forced out onto the street. The slow violence of wealth extraction from the working class exacerbates this displacement as well, with more people slipping off the edge into the abyss of poverty.
As property values go up, the “hip Portland” aethetic becomes commoditized and protected by investors and property owners. The monied interests then apply pressure to City Hall to remove the unsightly camps from the city center. This displacement of the homeless into suburban neighborhoods shifts the weight of supporting these populations from the affluent, onto those of working class. These housed residents themselves are but a few paychecks away from being without a home. This pits underserved housed neighbor against the the incoming displaced citizen.
As a Lents resident, I’ve experienced a large influx of new houseless neighbors while simultaneously seeing the camps around PNCA grow, get swept away, and spring up again and again. I’ve witnesses an explosion of luxury developments and tent cities. This exhibition is my reaction to this change in our city.
The images are of many displaced citizen’s campsites were taken in the public right of way, the air from 400ft, using a 90mm lens. This lens and altitude was specifically chosen for it’s ability to show a “zoomed” in image of a camp, without exposing too much of the surroundings, leading the viewer to identify the camper’s locations. Other than this selection of lens and altitude, no other efforts were made to hide the locations of those living in public spaces. This series is meant to be a transparency, a documentation, of the large number of people who are currently living out of doors.
The exhibition is a series of 75 aerial photographs, all taken at 400ft AGL (Above Ground Level) using a 90mm lens. The companion video installation is shown positions the viewer in a manner reflecting the manner at which most in society view the homeless. The exhibition also features a short film by Kevin Neidorf, Hazelnut Grove. Kevin spent some time living with the residents of Hazelnut Grove while making the film.
Three video loops displayed on floor-mounted screen accompany the series of photographs. These videos depict scenes of displaced citizens where they live, filmed from above.. The presentation of this footage is done with awareness of the privilege exhibited in using such a detached manner of filming. The use of a drone is analogous to the manner in which civic organizations view the homeless in a detached and pedantic perspective without a real connection to those evaluated.
The screens represent three different levels of relating to the homeless. With conflicting perspectives it shows those who seek escape along the Springwater, compassionately those seeking to build a supporting community in Hazelnut Grove, and with much disdain, those in Beggars Tick Wildlife Refuge that are destructive to themselves and the environment.
While asking around for information on where people were living out of doors, I was introduced to Wynde Dyer. Wynde is a working artist and volunteer at Hazelnut Grove. She informed me of Kevin Neidorf’s film Hazelnut Grove and put us in touch with one another. After viewing the film, I knew that it was needed to give the exhibition a voice as my own work in the exhibition intentionally avoided taking on that role. Kevin lived at Hazelnut Grove while getting to know those shown in the film, giving it an honest and intimate perspective on those living there.
The Exhibition’s Success
I was fortunate enough to have my show up concurrently with Converge 45, while not a part of the event, a major portion took place across the hallway. This brought with it a crowd of affluence that may otherwise not have gone out of their way to see the exhibition, most notably Portland City Commissioner Nick Fish. It is viewers like city council, neighborhood leaders, and those in direct contact with the homeless that I had in mind when putting together this exhibition.
Select Exhibit Photographs
Contact me about this project
Pacific Northwest College of Art
Displaced Citizens exhibition will be on display at Pacific Northwest College of Art’s Undergrad Gallery at 511 NW Broadway, Portland, Oregon July 17th through August 12th (tentatively), with the show’s opening reception July, 20th at 6pm.